William Shofner

William Shofner

Associate Professor, Speech and Hearing Sciences

  • wshofner@indiana.edu
  • - -
  • Office Hours
    By Appointment Only


  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1983-85
  • Ph.D., Physiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1983
  • M.S., Physiology University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , 1979
  • A.B., Biology, Indiana University (Northwest Campus), 1977


Perception is a biological process. The sensations and perceptions associated with any sensory system arise through a series of neurobiological events. The process begins in the periphery with the transduction of the physical stimulus into neural impulses and ultimately ends with the recognition of the stimulus by the organism. I am interested in understanding how the physical features of complex sounds are encoded or represented in the auditory nervous system and how these representations are then related to the perceptual attributes of the sound.

To address these issues, my research program is directed along three lines of investigation.

  • Conduct psychophysical experiments in human listeners to define the perceptual attributes and detection/discrimination thresholds for a set of complex sounds. How does behavioral performance or perception change as a specific acoustic feature changes systematically?
  • Conduct similar psychophysical experiments using operant-conditioning in chinchillas to the same types of sounds. Again, how does behavioral performance change as a specific acoustic feature changes systematically? What are the perceptual differences and similarities between humans and chinchillas?
  • Record the activity of single neurons in the chinchilla auditory system in response to the same types of complex sounds. How do the neural representations encoded in firing rate and temporal discharge patterns change as a specific acoustic feature changes systematically?